For decades, the procedure of Vietnamese ancient architecture has been linked to the natural environment as well as the social and economic conditions. So if you’re interest in the Architecture of Vietnam, get to know the fact that almost all the national ancient architectural monuments were constructed during the feudal time – before the 19th century.
An overview of Vietnamese Architecture
From the small architecture to the more complicated and magnificent constructions in Vietnam, the building materials were mostly available in the local and taken from there consisting of bamboo, leaves, wood, stone, etc. After that, the resources came to be brick, pottery, and ceramic. In regards to the systems to pillar, frame, and beam, they are specified in the conditions of ration, correlation, and dimension as well. As a result, this drives the craftsmen to make their architectural buildings unique, whether they are in the ancient or folk time.
During various ups and downs from royal dynasties to colonization, various buildings in Vietnam have been restored, reformed, and renewed. While some are still maintained in their former style, others are built in mixture of both internal and external elements. However, please note that the Vietnamese buildings are mostly shaped in their oriental-based style! Besides, there exist some exotic structures (restaurants, hotels, villas, etc.) settled in the nation’s large cities namely Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi.
5 Main Types of the Vietnamese Architecture
The first type is the national defense and military architecture, which encompasses the city gate, bastion, and also citadel in Vietnam. When you look at Hue Citadel as an illustration, you will soon realize that this kind of architecture includes the shapes and patterns of square, regular polygon, circle, rectangular, and star. The building material is diverse, meaning that people can use whatever sources to build such meaningful structures. In case of mountainous regions, the architects may even use the green marbles to add value to the complete structures. In the midland, laterite is employed, and mortar turns to dominate the building industry in the plain.
The second type is palace architecture, which is very typical during the Vietnamese feudal dynasties. Palace architecture asks for the necessity of mobilizing and collecting the big deal of materials and labor forces of nearly whole country or a specific region to have the complete sets. Typically, this kind of Vietnamese Architecture is to show power and prosperity of the King. In Vietnam, we find Hue Imperial City and Independence Palace (or Reunification Palace).
The third type is religious architecture, which covers some examples as pagodas, temples, towers, and tombs. Vietnamese houses numerous buildings of this kind that have been harmonized with nature and you have to spend years to visit all. The fourth type is landscape garden architecture, which is the art of creating natural models in a small space to develop the value of the entire monuments. In Vietnam, this architectural type is formed in the oriental-based style. Few are similar to Chinese and Japanese gardens including 3 major parts namely water, small mountain and tree. The last type is traditional village architecture, consisting of stalls, public houses, bridges, households, village gates, and markets.