Whether or not you have ever read any article about ethnic groups in Vietnam, it’s important to remember the key information: Vietnam is a multi-national country within 54 ethnic groups. While the Viet (Kinh) people account for 87% of the whole country’s population and they mostly inhabit in the Red River Delta, the central coastal delta, and the Mekong delta associated with some major countries. About the other 53 ethnic minority groups, they hold the total of more than 8 million people, but know that the figures may vary per year. The rest of 53 are scattered over the mountainous regions (including 2/3 of the country’s territory) ranging from the North to the South. In regards to the ethnic minorities, the most populated ones are Tay, Thai, Hoa, Muong, Khmer, and Nung. The least populated minorities are Roman, Odu, and Brau.
Vietnam – A Peaceful Land of 54 Ethnic Groups
In the 10th century, the Viet people succeeded in building a centralized monarchy. Besides, the Cham people also promoted its flouring culture from the early history, the Tay, Nung, and Khmer individuals had gained high degrees of development of numerous social strata. Meanwhile, the Muong, Dao, H’mong, and Thai people were collected under the domination of local tribal heads. Particularly, those living in mountains spilt their population into social echelons.
The 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam had specialized in most farming techniques as agriculture has long been holding a major role in Vietnamese economy. Some grew rice while others went fishing, hunting, and manufacturing. Anyway, know that each ethnic group has its own culture, diverse and exclusive! Besides, beliefs and religions you find in each group were also different from each other. Besides, beliefs and religions you find in each group were also different from each other. But, a basic solidarity among the Vietnamese ethnic minority groups has been constructed on top of such difference resulting from a long historical relationship on the single soil of Vietnam.
During your Vietnam tours to the mountainous regions as Da Lat, Mai Chau, Nghia Lo, Mu Cang Chai, Buon Ma Thuot, Sapa, etc., you can witness the fact that a mutual support in economic corporation between the lowland people and mountainous one has been long established. There are many reasons for such friendly relationship from national wars to shared struggle for country protection and mutual help. The Viet people and other ethnic minority groups co-exist well and it’s sure that their bond is continuously developed.
However, a material and moral gap still exists among people who live in the Deltas and mountains as well. Since Vietnamese government has created some adequate policies and special treatments to help the mountain-living individuals catch up with the lowland people. They have made awesome efforts to promote and protect the traditional cultural identities of each ethnic minority group. So far, some of the greatest programs can be listed as providing the remote villagers with iodized salt, improving equipment for healthcare and hygienic station, constructing free schools for the ethnic minority kids, fighting against malaria, etc. Most of those programs have gained optimistic outcomes.
Vietnam is a peaceful country to learn about ethnic minority groups and remember the figure of 54 also!